GM-CSF differentiation of human monocytes stabilizes macrophage state via oxidative signaling
Christopher Y Itoh,
Gregory H. Babunovic,
Ngomu Akeem Akilimali,
Marc H Wadsworth,
Travis K Hughes,
Sydney L Solomon,
Alex K Shalek,
Sarah M Fortune,
Bryan D Bryson
Posted 01 Oct 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.09.29.318352
Posted 01 Oct 2020
Macrophages are central mediators of immunity that integrate diverse signals derived from differentiation cues, tissue location, and disease. Controlling macrophage state and function is an appealing therapeutic objective across many diseases including cancer, atherosclerosis, and tuberculosis. Despite the growing appreciation for the in vivo complexity of macrophage state, existing in vitro models of human monocyte-derived macrophages have used a limited number of individual perturbations to explore the complex phenotypic space that macrophages can occupy. Here, we leverage a tiered differentiation, activation, and stimulation strategy to generate libraries of in vitro monocyte-derived macrophages and examine the in vitro state space of macrophage function using high-dimensional technologies. Our tiered experimental approach further revealed a striking relationship between GM-CSF differentiation and IL-10 production. Cells that were differentiated with GM-CSF produced very low or undetectable levels of IL-10 independent of activation or stimulation condition. To nominate candidate regulators of this IL-10 response, we leverage unbiased single-cell mRNA sequencing to identify transcriptional networks associated with GM-CSF-derived cells. Using these data, we identify oxidative signaling pathways as upregulated in GM-CSF derived cells and demonstrate that scavenging of oxidative radicals can enhance IL-10 production in these cells. Collectively, these data underscore the complexity of monocyte-derived macrophage state over time and highlight a dominant role for GM-CSF in tuning macrophage inflammatory phenotype, metabolic state, and plasticity. ### Competing Interest Statement A.K.S. reports compensation for consulting and/or SAB membership from Merck, Honeycomb Biotechnologies, Cellarity, Repertoire Immune Medicines, Orche Bio, and Dahlia Biosciences.
- Downloaded 408 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 65,328
- In immunology: 1,812
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 29,686
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 30,648
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!