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Genome-wide Variants of Eurasian Facial Shape Differentiation and a prospective model of DNA based Face Prediction

By Lu Qiao, Yajun Yang, Pengcheng Fu, Sile Hu, Hang Zhou, Shouneng Peng, Jingze Tan, Yan Lu, Haiyi Lou, Dongsheng Lu, Sijie Wu, Jing Guo, Li Jin, Yaqun Guan, Sijia Wang, Shuhua Xu, Kun Tang

Posted 10 Jul 2016
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/062950 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.jgg.2018.07.009)

It is a long standing question as to which genes define the characteristic facial features among different ethnic groups. In this study, we use Uyghurs, an ancient admixed population to query the genetic bases why Europeans and Han Chinese look different. Facial traits were analyzed based on high-dense 3D facial images; numerous biometric spaces were examined for divergent facial features between European and Han Chinese, ranging from inter-landmark distances to dense shape geometrics. Genome-wide association analyses were conducted on a discovery panel of Uyghurs. Six significant loci were identified four of which, rs1868752, rs118078182, rs60159418 at or near UBASH3B, COL23A1, PCDH7 and rs17868256 were replicated in independent cohorts of Uyghurs or Southern Han Chinese. A prospective model was also developed to predict 3D faces based on top GWAS signals, and tested in hypothetic forensic scenarios.

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