The genomic formation of First American ancestors in East and Northeast Asia
N. Ezgi Altınışık,
Alexei S. Kassian,
Ben A. Potter,
Edward J Vajda,
Leonid A. Vyazov,
Posted 12 Oct 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.10.12.336628
Posted 12 Oct 2020
Upward Sun River 1, an individual from a unique burial of the Denali tradition in Alaska (11500 calBP), is considered a type representative of Ancient Beringians who split from other First Americans 22000-18000 calBP in Beringia. Using a new admixture graph model-comparison approach resistant to overfitting, we show that Ancient Beringians do not form the deepest American lineage, but instead harbor ancestry from a lineage more closely related to northern North Americans than to southern North Americans. Ancient Beringians also harbor substantial admixture from a lineage that did not contribute to other Native Americans: Amur River Basin populations represented by a newly reported site in northeastern China. Relying on these results, we propose a new model for the genomic formation of First American ancestors in Asia. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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