Genome-wide Association Study Links APOEϵ4 and BACE1 Variants with Plasma Amyloid β Levels
Sven J. van der Lee,
Maria J. Kno,
Megan L Grove,
Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative,
Rebecca F. Gottesman,
David S. Knopman,
M. Arfan Ikram,
Phil de Jager,
Thomas H Mosley,
Cornelia van Duijn
Posted 27 Sep 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/194266
Posted 27 Sep 2017
Background: Amyloid β (Aβ) peptides are the products of the catalytic processing of the Aβ precursor protein (APP) by the β-secretase, BACE1 and the γ-secretase complex. Impairment of the Aβ production/clearance balance is the major pathophysiological hypothesis in Alzheimer's disease. Plasma Aβ levels are easy to measure in large numbers and therefore can be used as an endophenotype to study the genetics of Aβ and its relevance to AD. Methods: We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of plasma Aβ1-40, Aβ1-42 and Aβ1-42/Aβ1-40 ratio in 12,369 non-demented participants across 8 studies, using genetic data imputed on the 1000 Genomes phase 1 version 3 reference panel. To gain further insight, we performed LD-score regression analysis of plasma Aβ-42 and Aβ-40 levels using previously published GWAS of AD and other related traits, and pathway analyses. Results: We identified 21 variants reaching genome-wide significance across two loci. The most significant locus spanned the APOE gene, with significant associations with plasma Aβ42 levels (p = 9.01×10-13) and plasma Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio (p = 6.46×10-20). The second locus was located on chromosome 11, near the BACE1 gene (p = 2.56×10-8). We also observed suggestive evidence of association (p < 1×10-5) around genes involved in Aβ metabolism including APP and PSEN2. Conclusion: Using plasma Aβ40 and Aβ42 levels, this GWAS was able to identify relevant and central actors of the APP metabolism in AD. Overall, this study strengthens the utility of plasma Aβ levels both as an endophenotype and a biomarker.
- Downloaded 638 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 24,340 out of 94,912
- In genetics: 1,507 out of 4,824
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 55,371 out of 94,912
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 38,878 out of 94,912
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!