Discovery of a protein uptake pathway in lysosomes
Viorica Raluca Contu,
Yukiko U. Inoue,
Posted 11 Aug 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.08.11.245688
Posted 11 Aug 2020
The degradation of cellular components plays an essential role in homeostasis. However, the known degradation pathways cannot account for the levels of proteolysis in cells. Here, we demonstrate that cytosolic proteins are imported into lysosomes in an ATP-dependent manner for degradation through a direct uptake mechanism distinct from any known pathway. SIDT2, a lysosomal membrane protein previously reported as an RNA transporter, translocates substrate proteins across the lysosomal membrane. Furthermore, we identify a dominant-negative mutation in SIDT2 that causes neuropathy and distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles, a protein aggregation disease in humans. We generate Sidt2 knockout mice, recapitulating the characteristic features of this disease. Our results reveal a novel degradation pathway and illustrate its crucial role in cellular proteostasis, physiology, and pathophysiology.
- Downloaded 724 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 32,936
- In cell biology: 1,280
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 2,747
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 9,647
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!