Case-control analysis identifies shared properties of rare germline variation in cancer predisposing genes
Robert J. Klein,
Alexander J. Stratigos,
Leif W. Ellisen,
Gad A. Getz,
Steven M Lipkin,
Mark J Daly
Posted 12 Jul 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/162479 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41431-019-0346-0)
Posted 12 Jul 2017
Traditionally, genetic studies in cancer are focused on somatic mutations found in tumors and absent from the normal tissue. Identification of shared attributes in germline variation could aid discrimination of high-risk from likely benign mutations and narrow the search space for new cancer predisposing genes. Extraordinary progress made in analysis of common variation with GWAS methodology does not provide sufficient resolution to understand rare variation. To fulfill missing classification for rare germline variation we assembled datasets of whole exome sequences from >2,000 patients with different types of cancers: breast cancer, colon cancer and cutaneous and ocular melanomas matched to more than 7,000 non-cancer controls and analyzed germline variation in known cancer predisposing genes to identify common properties of disease associated mutations and new candidate cancer susceptibility genes. Lists of all cancer predisposing genes were divided into subclasses according to the mode of inheritance of the related cancer syndrome or contribution to known major cancer pathways. Out of all subclasses only genes linked to dominant syndromes presented significant rare germline variants enrichment in cases. Separate analysis of protein-truncating and missense variation in this subclass of genes confirmed significant prevalence of protein-truncating variants in cases only in loss-of-function tolerant genes (pLI<0.1), while ultra-rare missense mutations were significantly overrepresented in cases only in constrained genes (pLI>0.9). Taken together, our findings provide insights into the distribution and types of mutations underlying inherited cancer predisposition.
- Downloaded 666 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 25,829 out of 103,809
- In genetics: 1,555 out of 5,105
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 76,627 out of 103,809
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 78,347 out of 103,809
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!