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DLDTI: A learning-based framework for identification of drug-target interaction using neural networks and network representation

By Yihan Zhao, Kai Zheng, Baoyi Guan, Mengmeng Guo, Lei Song, Jie Gao, Hua Qu, Yuhui Wang, Ying Zhang, Dazhuo Shi

Posted 03 Aug 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.31.230763

To elucidate novel molecular mechanism of known drugs, efficient and feasible computational methods for predicting potential drug-target interactions (DTI) would be of great importance. A novel calculation model called DLDTI was generated, for predicting DTI based on network representation learning and convolutional neural networks. The proposed approach simultaneously fuses the topology of complex networks and diverse information from heterogeneous data sources, and copes with the noisy, incomplete, and high-dimensional nature of large-scale biological data by learning low-dimensional and rich depth features of drugs and proteins. Low-dimensional feature vectors were used to train DLDTI to obtain optimal mapping space and infer new DTIs by ranking DTI candidates based on their proximity to optimal mapping space. DLDTI achieves promising performance under 5-fold cross-validation with AUC values of 0.9172, which was higher than that of the method based on different classifiers or different feature combination technique. Moreover, biomedical experiments were also completed to validate the performance of DLDTI. Consistent with the predicted result, tetramethylpyrazine, an amide analogous monomer, ameliorated atherosclerosis progression and inhibited signal transduction in platelets, via PI3K/Akt, cAMP and calcium signaling pathways. The source code and datasets explored in this work are available at https://github.com/CUMTzackGit/DLDTI ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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