Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory
Thomas Oliver Pryce,
Nguyen Giang Hai,
Trinh Hoang Hiep,
Aung Aung Kyaw,
Tin Tin Win,
Daniel M. Fernandes,
Posted 10 Mar 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/279646 (published DOI: 10.1126/science.aat3188)
Posted 10 Mar 2018
Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from thirteen Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100-1700 years ago). Early agriculturalists from Man Bac in Vietnam possessed a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese farmer) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages. In a striking parallel with Europe, later sites from across the region show closer connections to present-day majority groups, reflecting a second major influx of migrants by the time of the Bronze Age.
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