The development of new therapeutic targets for cancer immunotherapies and the development of new biomarkers require deep understanding of T cells. To date, the complete landscape and systematic characterization of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in T cells in cancer immunity are lacking. Here, by systematically analyzing full-length single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data of more than 20,000 T cell libraries across three cancer types, we provide the first comprehensive catalog and the functional repertoires of lncRNAs in human T cells. Specifically, we developed a custom pipeline for de novo transcriptome assembly obtaining 9,433 novel lncRNA genes that increased the number of current human lncRNA catalog by 16% and nearly doubled the number of lncRNAs expressed in T cells. We found that a portion of expressed genes in single T cells were lncRNAs which have been overlooked by the majority of previous studies. Based on metacell maps constructed by MetaCell algorithm that partition scRNA-seq datasets into disjointed and homogenous groups of cells (metacells), 154 signature lncRNAs associated with effector, exhausted, and regulatory T cell states are identified, 84 of which are functionally annotated based on co-expression network, indicating that lncRNAs might broadly participate in regulation of T cell functions. Our findings provide a new point of view and resource for investigating the mechanisms of T cell regulation in cancer immunity as well as for novel cancer-immune biomarker development and cancer immunotherapies. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 691 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 66,449
- In bioinformatics: 6,154
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 85,451
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 160,756
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!