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Atlas55+: Brain Functional Atlas of Resting-state Networks for Late Adulthood

By Gaelle E. Doucet, Loic Labache, Paul M. Thompson, Marc Joliot, Sophia Frangou, the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Posted 14 Jul 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.13.200824 (published DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhaa321)

Currently, several human brain functional atlases are used to define the spatial constituents of the resting-state networks (RSNs). However, the only brain atlases available are derived from samples of young adults. As brain networks are continuously reconfigured throughout life, the lack of brain atlases derived from older populations may influence RSN results in late adulthood. To address this gap, the aim of the study was to construct a reliable brain atlas derived only from older participants. We leveraged resting-state functional MRI data from three cohorts of healthy older adults (total N=563; age=55-95years) and a younger-adult cohort (N=128; age=18-35 years). We identified the major RSNs and their subdivisions across all older-adult cohorts. We demonstrated high spatial reproducibility of these RSNs with an average spatial overlap of 67%. Importantly, the RSNs derived from the older-adult cohorts were spatially different from those derived from the younger-adult cohort (p=2.3×10−3). Lastly, we constructed a novel brain atlas, called Atlas55+, which includes the consensus of the major RSNs and their subdivisions across the older-adult cohorts. Thus, Atlas55+ provides a reliable age-appropriate template for RSNs in late adulthood and is publicly available. Our results confirm the need for age-appropriate functional atlases for studies investigating aging-related brain mechanisms. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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