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EP3 signaling is decoupled from regulation of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in β-cells compensating for obesity and insulin resistance

By Michael D. Schaid, Jeffrey M. Harrington, Grant M. Kelly, Sophia M. Sdao, Matthew J. Merrins, Michelle E. Kimple

Posted 11 Jul 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.10.197863

Of the β-cell signaling pathways altered by non-diabetic obesity and insulin resistance, some are adaptive while others actively contribute to β-cell failure and demise. Cytoplasmic calcium (Ca2+) and cyclic AMP (cAMP), which control the timing and amplitude of insulin secretion, are two important signaling intermediates that can be controlled by stimulatory and inhibitory G protein-coupled receptors. Previous work has shown the importance of the cAMP-inhibitory EP3 receptor in the beta-cell dysfunction of type 2 diabetes. To examine alterations in β-cell cAMP during diabetes progression we utilized a β-cell specific cAMP biosensor in tandem with islet Ca2+ recordings and insulin secretion assays. Three groups of C57BL/6J mice were used as a model of the progression from metabolic health to type 2 diabetes: wildtype, normoglycemic LeptinOb, and hyperglycemic LeptinOb. Here, we report robust increases in β-cell cAMP and insulin secretion responses in normoglycemic Leptinob mice as compared to wild-type: an effect that was lost in islets from hyperglycemic Leptinob mice, despite elevated Ca2+ duty cycle. Yet, the correlation of EP3 expression and activity to reduce cAMP levels and Ca2+ duty cycle with reduced insulin secretion only held true in hyperglycemic LeptinOb mice. Our results suggest alterations in beta-cell EP3 signaling may be both adaptive and maladaptive and define β-cell EP3 signaling as much more nuanced than previously understood. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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