Similar aggregation and β-sheet propensity of amino acids in globular proteins and amyloids, suggests comparable principles of their formation. Here we show that during the process of aggregation into amyloid-like fibers, these rules are not the same in an amino-acid-homopolymer (AAHP) polyglutamine (PolyGln). An aggregation kinetic analysis on nine-point mutants of a forty-six long PolyGln peptide was carried in physiological conditions. At the dynamic equilibrium state of aggregation, critical-concentration derived free-energy differences, signifying aggregation propensity of incorporated amino acids were obtained. None of the obtained propensities correlated with existing conventional aggregation and β-sheet propensities of the amino acids in proteins and amyloids. Further, the differential aggregation behavior of all the peptides only correlated with van der Waals volume of the incorporated amino acid and not with any other physicochemical characteristic of amino acids. The new rules obtained from PolyGln AAHP provide an opportunity to explore the physiological relevance of a mutation within AAHP in the human proteome. Additionally, this study opens up new avenues for protein model design exploring the folding and aggregation behavior of other amino-acid-homopolymer (AAHP) existing in the human proteome. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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