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Clinical development of the COVID-19 vaccine candidate ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, a replication-deficient simian adenoviral vector expressing the full-length SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein was initiated in April 2020 following non-human primate studies using a single immunisation. Here, we compared the immunogenicity of one or two doses of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 in both mice and pigs. Whilst a single dose induced antigen-specific antibody and T cells responses, a booster immunisation enhanced antibody responses, particularly in pigs, with a significant increase in SARS-CoV-2 neutralising titres. ### Competing Interest Statement Sarah Gilbert and Teresa Lambe are named on a patent application covering ChAdOx1 nCoV-19. The remaining authors declare no competing interests. The funders played no role in the conceptualisation, design, data collection, analysis, the decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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