Rxivist logo

Histone deacetylase inhibitor givinostat attenuates nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis

By He-ming Huang, Shi-jie Fan, Xiao-ru Zhou, Yan-jun Liu, Xiao Li, Li-ping Liao, Jing Huang, Cui-cui Shi, Liang Yu, Rong Fu, Jian-gao Fan, Yuan-yuan Zhang, Cheng Luo, Guang-ming Li

Posted 11 Jun 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.06.09.141655

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common chronic liver disease that causes worldwide morbidity and mortality, yet there is still a lack of pharmacological therapies. Liver inflammation is an important contributor for disease progression from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We identified HDAC inhibitor givinostat as a potent inhibitor of macrophages inflammatory activation, and aimed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of givinostat for treatment of NASH. Daily administration of givoinostat (10mg/kg) alleviated inflammation and attenuated hepatic fibrosis in methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD)-induced NASH mice. RNA-seq analysis of liver tissues form MCD-fed mice revealed givinostat potently blocked expression of inflammation-related genes and regulated a broad set of lipid metabolism-related genes. In hepatocyte givinostat reduced palmitic acid induced intracellular lipid accumulation. The benefit of givinostat was further confirmed in fructose, palmitate, cholesterol diet (FPC) induced NASH mice. Givinostat attenuated hepatic steatosis, inflammation as well as liver injury in FPC-induced NASH. In conclusion, givinostat appears to be efficacious in reversing diet-induced NASH, and may serve as a therapeutic agent for treatment of human NASH.

Download data

  • Downloaded 172 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 81,091 out of 100,591
    • In animal behavior and cognition: 1,248 out of 1,559
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 30,954 out of 100,591
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 14,888 out of 100,591

Altmetric data


Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


PanLingua

Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


News

  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!