Although cortical circuits are complex and interconnected with the rest of the brain, their macroscopic dynamics are often approximated by modeling the averaged activities of excitatory and inhibitory cortical neurons, without interactions with other brain circuits. To verify the validity of such mean-field models, we optogenetically stimulated populations of excitatory and parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons in awake mouse visual cortex, while recording population activity in cortex and in its thalamic correspondent, the lateral geniculate nucleus. The cortical responses to brief test pulses could not be explained by a mean-field model including only cortical excitatory and inhibitory populations. However, these responses could be predicted by extending the model to include thalamic interactions that cause net cortical suppression following activation of cortical excitatory neurons. We conclude that mean-field models can accurately summarize cortical dynamics, but only when the cortex is considered as part of a dynamic corticothalamic network. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 1,440 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 11,401
- In neuroscience: 1,299
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 15,028
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 31,531
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!