Dynamic proteomics profiling of Legionella pneumophila infection unveils modulation of the host mitochondrial stress response pathway
The human pathogen Legionella pneumophila (L.p.) secretes ~330 bacterial effector proteins into the host cell which interfere with numerous cellular pathways and often regulate host cell proteins through post-translational modifications. However, the cellular targets and functions of most L.p. effectors are not known. In order to obtain a global overview of potential targets of these effectors, we analyzed the host cell proteome, ubiquitinome, and phosphoproteome during L.p. infection. Our analysis reveals dramatic spatiotemporal changes in the host cell proteome that are dependent on the secretion of bacterial effectors. Strikingly, we show that L.p. substantially reshapes the mitochondrial proteome and modulates mitochondrial stress response pathways such as the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt). To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of manipulation of the UPRmt by a bacterial pathogen in mammalian cells. In addition, we have identified a previously uncharacterized L.p. effector that is targeted to host cell mitochondria and protects mitochondrial network integrity during mitochondrial stress. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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