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RIPK2 Stabilizes c-Myc and is an Actionable Target for Inhibiting Prostate Cancer Metastasis

By Yiwu Yan, Bo Zhou, Chen Qian, Alex Vasquez, Avradip Chatterjee, Xiaopu Yuan, Edwin Posadas, Natasha Kyprianou, Beatrice S. Knudsen, Ramachandran Murali, Arkadiusz Gertych, Sungyong You, Michael R Freeman, Wei Yang

Posted 16 May 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.14.096867

Despite advances in diagnosis and treatment, metastatic prostate cancer remains incurable and is associated with high mortality rates. Thus, novel actionable drug targets are urgently needed for therapeutic interventions in advanced prostate cancer. Here we report receptor-interacting protein kinase 2 (RIPK2) as an actionable drug target for suppressing prostate cancer metastasis. RIPK2 is frequently amplified in lethal prostate cancers and its overexpression is associated with disease progression and aggressiveness. Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of RIPK2 significantly suppressed prostate cancer progression in vitro and metastasis in vivo. Multi-level proteomic analysis revealed that RIPK2 strongly regulates c-Myc protein stability and activity, largely by activating the MKK7/JNK/c-Myc phosphorylation pathway - a novel, non-canonical RIPK2 signaling pathway. Targeting RIPK2 inhibits this phosphorylation pathway, and thus promotes the degradation of c-Myc - a potent oncoprotein for which no drugs have been approved for clinical use yet. These results support targeting RIPK2 for personalized therapy in prostate cancer patients towards improving survival. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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