A chromosome-scale genome assembly for the Fusarium oxysporum strain Fo5176 to establish a model Arabidopsis-fungal pathosystem
Plant pathogens cause widespread yield losses in agriculture. Understanding the drivers of plant-pathogen interactions requires decoding the molecular dialog leading to either resistance or disease. However, progress in deciphering pathogenicity genes has been severely hampered by suitable model systems and incomplete fungal genome assemblies. Here, we report a significant improvement of the assembly and annotation of the genome of the Fusarium oxysporum ( Fo ) strain Fo5176. Fo comprises a large number of serious plant pathogens on dozens of plant species with largely unresolved pathogenicity factors. The strain Fo5176 infects Arabidopsis thaliana and, hence, constitutes a highly promising model system. We use high-coverage Pacific Biosciences Sequel long-read and Hi-C sequencing data to assemble the genome into 19 chromosomes and a total genome size of 67.98 Mb. The genome has a N50 of 4 Mb and a 99.1% complete BUSCO score. Phylogenomic analyses based on single-copy orthologs clearly place the Fo5176 strain in the Fo f sp. conglutinans clade as expected. We generated RNAseq data from culture medium and plant infections to train gene predictions and identified ∼18,000 genes including ten effector genes known from other Fo clades. We show that Fo5176 is able to infect cabbage and Brussel sprouts of the Brassica oleracea , expanding the usefulness of the Fo5176 model pathosystem. Finally, we performed large-scale comparative genomics analyses comparing the Fo5176 to 103 additional Fo genomes to define core and accessory genomic regions. In conjunction with the molecular tool sets available for A. thaliana , the Fo5176 genome and annotation provides a crucial step towards the establishment of a highly promising pathosystem. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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