An improved assembly and annotation of the allohexaploid wheat genome identifies complete families of agronomic genes and provides genomic evidence for chromosomal translocations.
Gemy G Kaithakottil,
Robert P Davey,
Federica Di Palma,
A. Harvey Millar,
Paul J Kersey,
Ksenia V Krasileva,
Michael W Bevan,
Matthew D. Clark
Posted 13 Oct 2016
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/080796 (published DOI: 10.1101/gr.217117.116)
Posted 13 Oct 2016
Advances in genome sequencing and assembly technologies are generating many high quality genome sequences, but assemblies of large, repeat-rich polyploid genomes, such as that of bread wheat, remain fragmented and incomplete. We have generated a new wheat whole-genome shotgun sequence assembly using a combination of optimised data types and an assembly algorithm designed to deal with large and complex genomes. The new assembly represents more than 78% of the genome with a scaffold N50 of 88.8kb that has a high fidelity to the input data. Our new annotation combines strand-specific Illumina RNAseq and PacBio full-length cDNAs to identify 104,091 high confidence protein-coding genes and 10,156 non-coding RNA genes. We confirmed three known and identified one novel genome rearrangements. Our approach enables the rapid and scalable assembly of wheat genomes, the identification of structural variants, and the definition of complete gene models, all powerful resources for trait analysis and breeding of this key global crop.
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