Circuits for integrating learnt and innate valences in the fly brain
Ingrid V Andrade,
Benjamin T Cocanougher,
Gregory S.X.E. Jefferis,
James W. Truman,
Richard D Fetter,
Aravinthan D.T. Samuel,
Posted 24 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.23.058339
Posted 24 Apr 2020
Animal behavior is shaped both by evolution and by individual experience. In many species parallel brain pathways are thought to encode innate and learnt behavior drives and as a result may link the same sensory cue to different actions if innate and learnt drives are in opposition. How these opposing drives are integrated into a single coherent action is not well understood. In insects, the Mushroom Body Output Neurons (MBONs) and the Lateral Horn Neurons (LHNs) are thought to provide the learnt and innate drives, respectively. However their patterns of convergence and the mechanisms by which their outputs are used to select actions are not well understood. We used electron microscopy reconstruction to comprehensively map the downstream targets of all MBONs in Drosophila larva and characterise their patterns of convergence with LHNs. We discovered convergence neurons that receive direct input from MBONs and LHNs and compare opposite behaviour drives. Functional imaging and optogenetic manipulation suggest these convergence neurons compute the overall predicted value of approaching or avoiding an odor and mediate action selection. Our study describes the circuit mechanisms allowing integration of opposing drives from parallel olfactory pathways. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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