Rxivist logo

Coffee and tea are extensively consumed beverages worldwide. Observational studies have shown contradictory findings for the association between consumption of these beverages and different health outcomes. Epigenetics is suggested as a mechanism mediating the effects of dietary and lifestyle factors on disease onset. We conducted epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) on coffee and tea consumptions in 15,789 participants of European and African-American ancestries from 15 cohorts. EWAS meta-analysis revealed 11 CpG sites significantly associated with coffee consumption (P-value <1.1*10-7), nine of them annotated to the genes AHRR, F2RL3, FLJ43663, HDAC4, GFI1 and PHGDH, and two CpGs suggestively associated with tea consumption (P-value<5.0*10-6). Among these, cg14476101 was significantly associated with expression of its annotated gene PHGDH and risk of fatty liver disease. Knockdown of PHGDH expression in liver cells showed a correlation with expression levels of lipid-associated genes, suggesting a role of PHGDH in hepatic-lipid metabolism. Collectively, this study indicates that coffee consumption is associated with differential DNA methylation levels at multiple CpGs, and that coffee-associated epigenetic variations may explain the mechanism of action of coffee consumption in conferring disease risk. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

Download data

  • Downloaded 1,129 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 11,041 out of 101,077
    • In genomics: 1,542 out of 6,266
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 2,201 out of 101,077
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 18,640 out of 101,077

Altmetric data

Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!