Allergen specific Treg upregulated by lung-stage schistosome infection alleviates allergic airway inflammation via inhibiting IgE secretion
Zhi dan Li,
Wen bin Yang,
Bing kuan Zhu,
Qun feng Wu,
Xiao ling Wang,
Cheng song Sun,
Yu xiang Xie,
Zhao jun Wang,
Yan min Wan,
Posted 14 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.14.040998
Posted 14 Apr 2020
Schistosome infection showed protective effects against allergic airway inflammation (AAI). However,controversial findings exist especially regarding the timing of helminth infection and the underlying mechanisms. Moreover, most previous studies focused on understanding the preventive effect of schistosome infection on asthma (infection before allergen sensitization), while its therapeutic effects (infection after allergen sensitization) were rarely investigated. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of schistosome infection on AAI using a mouse model of OVA induced asthma. To explore how the timing of schistosome infection influences its therapeutic effect, the mice were percutaneously infected with cercaria of Schistosoma japonicum at either 1 day before OVA induced asthma attack (infection at lung-stage during AAI) or 14 days before OVA induced asthma attack (infection at post lung-stage during AAI). We found that lung-stage schistosome infection significantly ameliorated OVA-induced AAI, whereas post lung-stage infection showed no therapeutic effect. Mechanistically, the lung-stage schistosome infection significantly upregulated the frequency of Treg, especially OVA specific Treg, in lung tissue, which negatively correlated with the level of OVA specific IgE. Depletion of Treg in vivo counteracted the therapeutic effect. Furthermore, transcriptomic analysis of lung tissue showed that lung-stage schistosome infection during AAI shaped the microenvironment to favor Treg induction. In conclusion, our data showed that lung-stage schistosome infection could relieve OVA induced asthma in a mouse model. The therapeutic effect was mediated by the upregulated OVA specific Treg which suppressed IgE production and Th2 cytokine secretion. Our results may facilitate the discovery of a new therapy for AAI. ### Competing Interest Statement
- Downloaded 122 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 112,286
- In immunology: 3,114
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 100,724
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 92,700
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!