A single dose of ChAdOx1 MERS provides broad protective immunity against a variety of MERS-CoV strains
Neeltje van Doremalen,
Robert J. Fischer,
Patrick W. Hanley,
Nick J. Edwards,
Madeleine H.A. Clark,
Sarah C Gilbert,
Posted 13 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.13.036293
Posted 13 Apr 2020
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) continues to infect humans via the dromedary camel reservoir and can transmit between humans, most commonly via nosocomial transmission. Currently, no licensed vaccine is available. Previously we showed that vaccination of transgenic mice with ChAdOx1 MERS, encoding the MERS S protein, prevented disease upon lethal challenge. In the current study we show that rhesus macaques seroconverted rapidly after a single intramuscular vaccination with ChAdOx1 MERS. Upon MERS-CoV challenge vaccinated animals were protected against respiratory injury and pneumonia and had a reduction in viral load in lung tissue of several logs. Furthermore, we did not detect MERS-CoV replication in type I and II pneumocytes of ChAdOx1 MERS vaccinated animals. A prime-boost regimen of ChAdOx1 MERS boosted antibody titers, and viral replication was completely absent from the respiratory tract tissue of these rhesus macaques. Finally, we investigated the ability of ChAdOx1 MERS to protect against six different MERS-CoV strains, isolated between 2012 to 2018, from dromedary camels and humans in the Middle East and Africa. Antibodies elicited by ChAdOx1 MERS in rhesus macaques were able to neutralize all MERS-CoV strains. Vaccination of transgenic hDPP4 mice with ChAdOx1 MERS completely protected the animals against disease and lethality for all different MERS-CoV strains. The data support further clinical development of ChAdOx1 MERS supported by CEPI. ### Competing Interest Statement SCG is named as an inventor on a patent covering use of ChAdOx1-vectored vaccines. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest.
- Downloaded 3,147 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 3,619
- In microbiology: 232
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 20,323
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 18,235
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!