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Anchoring the human olfactory system to a functional gradient

By Alice Waymel, Patrick Friedrich, Pierre-Antoine Bastian, Stephanie J Forkel, Michel Thiebaut de Schotten

Posted 20 Mar 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.19.998849 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116863)

Margulies et al. (2016) demonstrated the existence of at least five independent functional connectivity gradients in the human brain. However, it is unclear how these functional gradients might link to anatomy. The dual origin theory proposes that differences in cortical cytoarchitecture originate from two trends of progressive differentiation between the different layers of the cortex, referred to as the hippocampocentric and olfactocentric systems. When conceptualising the functional connectivity gradients within the evolutionary framework of the Dual Origin theory, the first gradient likely represents the hippocampocentric system anatomically. Here we expand on this concept and demonstrate that the fifth gradient likely links to the olfactocentric system. We describe the anatomy of the latter as well as the evidence to support this hypothesis. Together, the first and fifth gradients might help to model the Dual Origin theory of the human brain and inform brain models and pathologies.

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