Age related defects in NK cell immunity revealed by deep immune profiling of pediatric cancer patients
Sierra M. Barone,
Jonathan M. Irish,
Graham S Taylor
Posted 10 Mar 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.09.983288
Posted 10 Mar 2020
Systemic immunity plays an important role in cancer immune surveillance and therapy but there is little detailed knowledge about the immune status of healthy children or children with cancer. We performed a high dimensional single cell analysis of systemic immunity in pediatric cancer patients and age-matched healthy children. In young children with cancer (age < 8years) NK cells were decreased in frequency, maturity, expression of perforin and granzyme-B, and were less cytotoxic in ex vivo assays. NK cell activity was restored after in vitro culture with interleukin-2. In contrast, older children with cancer (>8 years old) had decreased naive CD4 and CD8 T-cells with concomitant increases in effector memory and T effector memory RA-revertant (TEMRA) T-cells. These immunological changes in pediatric cancer patients are relevant to the better understanding of how cancers diagnosed in childhood interact with systemic immunity and could inform the development and application of effective immune-modulating therapies in the pediatric population. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 284 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 79,883
- In immunology: 2,125
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 78,926
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 41,861
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!