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Crosstalk between invadopodia and the extracellular matrix

By Shinji Iizuka, Ronald P. Leon, Kyle P. Gribbin, Ying Zhang, Jose Navarro, Rebecca Smith, Kaylyn Devlin, Lei G. Wang, Summer L. Gibbs, James Korkola, Xiaolin Nan, Sara A. Courtneidge

Posted 27 Feb 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.02.26.966762 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2020.151122)

The scaffold protein Tks5α is required for invadopodia-mediated cancer invasion both in vitro and in vivo. We have previously also revealed a role for Tks5 in tumor cell growth using three-dimensional (3D) culture model systems and mouse transplantation experiments. Here we use both 3D and high-density fibrillar collagen (HDFC) culture to demonstrate that native collagen-I, but not a form lacking the telopeptides, stimulated Tks5-dependent growth, which was dependent on the DDR collagen receptors. We used microenvironmental microarray (MEMA) technology to determine that laminin, fibronectin and tropoelastin also stimulated invadopodia formation. A Tks5α-specific monoclonal antibody revealed its expression both on microtubules and at invadopodia. High- and super-resolution microscopy of cells in and on collagen was then used to place Tks5α at the base of invadopodia, separated from much of the actin and cortactin, but coincident with both matrix metalloprotease and cathepsin proteolytic activity. Inhibition of the Src family kinases, cathepsins or metalloproteases all reduced invadopodia length but each had distinct effects on Tks5α localization. These studies highlight the crosstalk between invadopodia and extracellular matrix components, and reveal the invadopodium to be a spatially complex structure.

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