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Sample-Index Misassignment Impacts Tumor Exome Sequencing

By Daniel Vodák, Susanne Lorenz, Sigve Nakken, Lars Birger Aasheim, Harald Holte, Baoyan Bai, Ola Myklebost, Leonardo A. Meza-Zepeda, Eivind Hovig

Posted 01 Sep 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/182659 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-23563-4)

Sample pooling enabled by dedicated indexes is a common and cost-effective strategy used in next-generation sequencing. Index misassignment leading to cross-sample contamination has however been described as a general problem of sequencing instruments which utilize exclusion amplification. Using real-life data from multiple tumor sequencing projects, we demonstrate that co-multiplexed samples can induce artifactual calls closely resembling high-quality somatic variant calls, and argue that dual indexing is the most reliable countermeasure.

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