Rxivist logo

Lipoprotein(a), Lp(a), is a modified low-density lipoprotein particle where apolipoprotein(a) (protein product of the LPA gene) is covalently attached to apolipoprotein B. Lp(a) is a highly heritable, causal risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and varies in concentrations across ancestries. To comprehensively delineate the inherited basis for plasma Lp(a), we performed deep-coverage whole genome sequencing in 8,392 individuals of European and African American ancestries. Through whole genome variant discovery and direct genotyping of all structural variants overlapping LPA, we quantified the 5.5kb kringle IV-2 copy number (KIV2-CN), a known LPA structural polymorphism, and developed a model for its imputation. Through common variant analysis, we discovered a novel locus (SORT1) associated with Lp(a)-cholesterol, and also genetic modifiers of KIV2-CN. Furthermore, in contrast to previous GWAS studies, we explain most of the heritability of Lp(a), observing Lp(a) to be 85% heritable among African Americans and 75% among Europeans, yet with notable inter-ethnic heterogeneity. Through analyses of aggregates of rare coding and non-coding variants with Lp(a)-cholesterol, we found the only genome-wide significant signal to be at a non-coding SLC22A3 intronic window also previously described to be associated with Lp(a); however, this association was mitigated by adjustment with KIV2-CN. Finally, using an additional imputation dataset (N=27,344), we performed Mendelian randomization of LPA variant classes, finding that genetically regulated Lp(a) is more strongly associated with incident cardiovascular diseases than directly measured Lp(a), and is significantly associated with measures of subclinical atherosclerosis in African Americans.

Download data

  • Downloaded 699 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 21,537 out of 100,173
    • In genomics: 2,462 out of 6,213
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 81,851 out of 100,173
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: None out of 100,173

Altmetric data


Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


PanLingua

Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


News

  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!