Inclusion of Oxford Nanopore long reads improves all microbial and phage metagenome-assembled genomes from a complex aquifer system
Assembling microbial and phage genomes from metagenomes is a powerful and appealing method to understand structure-function relationships in complex environments. In order to compare the recovery of genomes from microorganisms and their phages from groundwater, we generated shotgun metagenomes with Illumina sequencing accompanied by long reads derived from the Oxford Nanopore sequencing platform. Assembly and metagenome-assembled genome (MAG) metrics for both microbes and viruses were determined from Illumina-only assemblies and a hybrid assembly approach. Strikingly, the hybrid approach more than doubled the number of mid to high-quality MAGs (> 50% completion, < 10% redundancy), generated nearly four-fold more phage genomes, and improved all associated genome metrics relative to the Illumina only method. The hybrid assemblies yielded MAGs that were on average 7.8% more complete, with 133 fewer contigs and a 14 kbp greater N50. Furthermore, the longer contigs from the hybrid approach generated microbial MAGs that had a higher proportion of rRNA genes. We demonstrate this usefulness by linking microbial MAGs containing 16S rRNA genes with extensive amplicon dataset. This work provides quantitative data to inform a cost-benefit analysis on the decision to supplement shotgun metagenomic projects with long reads towards the goal of recovering genomes from environmentally abundant groups.
- Downloaded 814 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 22,266 out of 116,126
- In microbiology: 1,296 out of 9,327
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 9,353 out of 116,126
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 19,492 out of 116,126
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!