Subarachnoid hemorrhage leads to early and persistent functional connectivity and behavioral changes in mice
David Y Chung,
William J Edmiston,
Mohammad A. Yaseen,
David A. Boas,
Michael J Whalen,
Posted 12 Nov 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/826891
Posted 12 Nov 2019
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) leads to significant long-term cognitive deficits. Studies in survivors of SAH show an association between persistent cognitive deficits and alterations in resting state functional connectivity (RSFC). However, modalities commonly used to assess RSFC in humans, such as fMRI, have practical limitations in small animals. Therefore, we used non-invasive functional optical intrinsic signal imaging to determine the effect of SAH on measures of RSFC in mice at early (day 4), intermediate (1 month), and late (3 months) time points after prechiasmatic arterial blood injection. We assessed Morris water maze, open field test, Y-maze, and rotarod performance from approximately 2 weeks to 3 months after SAH induction. We found qualitative and quantitative differences in seed-based connectivity maps between sham and SAH mice. SAH reduced motor, retrosplenial and visual seed-based connectivity indices, which persisted in retrosplenial and visual cortex seeds at 3 months. Seed-to-seed connectivity analysis confirmed attenuation of correlation coefficients in SAH mice, which persisted in predominantly posterior network connections at later time points. Seed-independent global and interhemispheric indices of connectivity revealed decreased correlations following SAH for at least 1 month. SAH led to Morris water maze hidden platform and open field deficits at 2 weeks, and Y-maze deficits for at least 3 months, without altering rotarod performance. In conclusion, experimental SAH leads to early and persistent alterations both in hemodynamically-derived measures of RSFC and in cognitive performance.
- Downloaded 559 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 66,853
- In neuroscience: 9,634
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: None
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 117,734
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!