Plasma-derived exosomal analysis and deconvolution enables prediction and tracking of melanoma checkpoint blockade response
Gyulnara G Kasumova,
William A Michaud,
Marta Díaz Martínez,
Dennie T. Frederick,
Keith T Flaherty,
Ryan J Sullivan,
Genevieve M. Boland
Posted 18 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/809699
Posted 18 Oct 2019
Purpose: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have demonstrated promising therapeutic benefit although a majority will not respond. Here we identify and validate predictive biomarkers from plasma-derived exosomes that allow non-invasive monitoring of tumor intrinsic and host immune status and prediction of ICI success. Experimental Design: Transcriptomic profiling of peripheral blood bulk exosomes and tumors from a discovery cohort of 50 patients with metastatic melanoma treated with ICI was undertaken; a further validation cohort of 30 patients was utilized to validate findings from the discovery cohort. We designed a Bayesian probabilistic model to partition bulk exosomes into tumor-specific and non-tumor-specific proportions. Results: Exosomal RNA signatures exhibit significant correlations with tumor transcriptomes. Exosomal profiles reflect several key biological drivers of ICI resistance or melanoma progression, exhibit significantly differentially expressed genes and pathways, and correlate with and are predictive of clinical response to therapy. Our deconvolution model estimates contributions from tumor and non-tumor sources, enabling more precise interpretation of differentially-expressed genes and pathways. Exosomal RNA-seq mutational information can be used to segregate responders and non-responders. Conclusions: Peripheral blood-derived exosomes can serve as a non-invasive biomarker to jointly probe tumor-intrinsic and immune changes to ICI, and can potentially function as predictive markers of ICI responsiveness and a monitoring tool for tumor persistence and immune activation.
- Downloaded 428 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 40,149 out of 94,912
- In cancer biology: 1,287 out of 3,367
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 15,777 out of 94,912
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 15,753 out of 94,912
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!