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Junction-skipping regulation in complex disease

By Ruize Liu, Juha Karjalainen, Andrea Byrnes, Beryl B. Cummings, Padhraig Gormley, Yunfeng Ruan, Yongjin Park, Lei Hou, Khoi T. Nguyen, Ramnik Xavier, Mark J. Daly, Hailiang Huang

Posted 16 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/804039

Multiple mRNA isoforms can be generated from a single gene locus through alternative splicing. Abnormality in alternative splicing has been linked to many human disorders. Here using RNA-seq data from 48 tissues from GTEx v7 release and summary statistics from GWAS of complex diseases and traits, we present a study to identify genomic variants regulating junction-skipping with the goal to understand their contribution to complex diseases and traits. For each tissue, we found 48 - 575 junction-skipping events regulated by genomic variants. We performed fine-mapping on both the junction-skipping association and 23 complex disease and trait associations and mapped them to 95% credible sets. We found 13 - 279 junction-skipping regulations were mapped to a credible set with ≤5 variants. On the genome-wide scale, we noted a clear disease-tissue specificity. Results from this approach provided critical insights into the functional mechanism of the genetic disease associations and contributed to our understanding of the genetic architecture of human complex disorders.

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