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On the correspondence of electrical and optical physiology in in vivo population-scale two-photon calcium imaging.

By Peter Ledochowitsch, Lawrence Huang, Ulf Knoblich, Michael Oliver, Jerome Lecoq, Clay Reid, Lu Li, Hongkui Zeng, Christof Koch, Jack Waters, Saskia E.J. de Vries, Michael A. Buice

Posted 11 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/800102

Multiphoton calcium imaging is commonly used to monitor the spiking of large populations of neurons. Recovering action potentials from fluorescence necessitates calibration experiments, often with simultaneous imaging and cell-attached recording. Here we performed calibration for imaging conditions matching those of the Allen Brain Observatory. We developed a novel crowd-sourced, algorithmic approach to quality control. Our final data set was 50 recordings from 35 neurons in 3 mouse lines. Our calibration indicated that 3 or more spikes were required to produce consistent changes in fluorescence. Moreover, neither a simple linear model nor a more complex biophysical model accurately predicted fluorescence for small numbers of spikes (1-3). We observed increases in fluorescence corresponding to prolonged depolarizations, particularly in Emx1-IRES-Cre mouse line crosses. Our results indicate that deriving spike times from fluorescence measurements may be an intractable problem in some mouse lines.

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