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Relationship between simultaneously recorded spiking activity and fluorescence signal in GCaMP6 transgenic mice

By Lawrence Huang, Ulf Knoblich, Peter Ledochowitsch, Jérôme Lecoq, R. Clay Reid, Saskia E. J. de Vries, Michael A. Buice, Gabe Murphy, Jack Waters, Christof Koch, Hongkui Zeng, Lu Li

Posted 01 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/788802

Two-photon calcium imaging is often used with genetically encoded calcium indicators (GECIs) to investigate neural dynamics, but the relationship between fluorescence and action potentials (spikes) remains unclear. Pioneering work linked electrophysiology and calcium imaging in vivo with viral GECI expression, albeit in a small number of cells. Here we characterized the spike-fluorescence transfer function in vivo of 91 layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons in primary visual cortex in four transgenic mouse lines expressing GCaMP6s or GCaMP6f. We found that GCaMP6s cells have spike-triggered fluorescence responses of larger amplitude, lower variability and greater single-spike detectability than GCaMP6f. Mean single-spike detection rates at high spatiotemporal resolution measured in our data was >70% for GCaMP6s and ~40-50% for GCaMP6f (at 5% false positive rate). These rates are estimated to decrease to 25-35% for GCaMP6f under generally used population imaging conditions. Our ground-truth dataset thus supports more refined inference of neuronal activity from calcium imaging. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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