Rxivist logo

Positive relation between arcuate fasciculus white matter fiber structure and severity of auditory hallucinations: A DTI tractography study

By Liv E. Falkenberg, René Westerhausen, Erik Johnsen, Rune Kroken, Else-Marie Løberg, Justyna Beresniewicz, Katarzyna Kazimierczak, Kristiina Kompus, Lars Ersland, Kenneth Hugdahl

Posted 27 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/784942

The arcuate fasciculus (AF) has been implicated in the pathology behind schizophrenia and auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs). White matter tracts forming the arcuate fasciculus can be quantified and visualized using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography. Although there have been a number of studies on this topic, the results have been conflicting. Studying the underlying white matter structure of the AF could shed light on functional connectivity between temporal and frontal language areas in AVHs. The participants were 66 patients with a schizophrenia diagnosis, where AVHs were defined from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and compared with a healthy control group. DTI was performed on a 3T MR scanner, and tensor estimation was done using deterministic streamline tractography. Statistical analysis of the data showed significantly longer tracts along the AF in patients with severe and frequent AVHs, as well as an overall significant asymmetry with longer fibers on the left side. In addition, there were significant positive correlations between PANSS scores and tract length, tract volume, and number of streamlines for the posterior AF segment on the left side. It is concluded that the present structural results complement previous functional findings of fronto-temporal connectivity in AVH patients.

Download data

  • Downloaded 188 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 80,963 out of 101,163
    • In neuroscience: 14,469 out of 18,023
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 68,757 out of 101,163
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 84,106 out of 101,163

Altmetric data


Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


PanLingua

Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


News

  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!