Rxivist logo

Annotation-Informed Causal Mixture Modeling (AI-MiXeR) reveals phenotype-specific differences in polygenicity and effect size distribution across functional annotation categories

By Alexey A. Shadrin, Oleksandr Frei, Olav B Smeland, Francesco Bettella, Kevin S. O’Connell, Osman Gani, Shahram Bahrami, Tea K. E. Uggen, Srdjan Djurovic, Dominic Holland, Ole A. Andreassen, Anders M. Dale

Posted 16 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/772202

Determining the contribution of functional genetic categories is fundamental to understanding the genetic etiology of complex human traits and diseases. Here we present Annotation Informed MiXeR: a likelihood-based method to estimate the number of variants influencing a phenotype and their effect sizes across different functional annotation categories of the genome using summary statistics from genome-wide association studies. Applying the model to 11 complex phenotypes suggests diverse patterns of functional category-specific genetic architectures across human diseases and traits.

Download data

  • Downloaded 348 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 51,766 out of 100,591
    • In genetics: 2,865 out of 5,012
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 51,361 out of 100,591
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 23,299 out of 100,591

Altmetric data

Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!