The schizophrenia risk locus in SLC39A8 alters brain metal transport and plasma glycosylation
Robert G. Mealer,
Bruce G. Jenkins,
Mark J. Daly,
Christopher D Palmer,
Julien H Park,
Patrick J Parsons,
Sarah E. Williams,
Richard D. Cummings,
Edward M. Scolnick,
Jordan W. Smoller
Posted 06 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/757088 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-70108-9)
Posted 06 Sep 2019
A common missense variant in SLC39A8 is convincingly associated with schizophrenia and several additional phenotypes. Homozygous loss-of-function mutations in SLC39A8 result in undetectable serum manganese (Mn) and a Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation (CDG) due to the exquisite sensitivity of glycosyltransferases to Mn concentration. Here, we identified several Mn-related changes in human carriers of the common SLC39A8 missense allele. Analysis of structural brain MRI scans showed a dose-dependent change in the ratio of T2w to T1w signal in several regions. Comprehensive trace element analysis confirmed a specific reduction of only serum Mn, and plasma protein N-glycome profiling revealed reduced complexity and branching. N-glycome profiling from two individuals with SLC39A8-CDG showed similar but more severe alterations in branching that improved with Mn supplementation, suggesting that the common variant exists on a spectrum of hypofunction with potential for reversibility. Characterizing the functional impact of this variant will enhance our understanding of schizophrenia pathogenesis and identify novel therapeutic targets and biomarkers of disease. Summary A common variant in the manganese transporter SLC39A8 is associated with numerous phenotypes including schizophrenia. Mealer et. al. presents an in-depth analysis of brain MRI and plasma glycomics in human carriers of the common variant, identifying several manganese-related changes with potential for diagnostic and therapeutic biomarker development.
- Downloaded 668 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 36,989
- In biochemistry: 908
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 83,582
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 83,291
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!