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A Multimodal Strategy Used By A Large c-di-GMP Network

By Kurt M. Dahlstrom, Alan J. Collins, Georgia Doing, Jacyln N Taroni, Timothy J. Gauvin, Casey S. Greene, Deborah A. Hogan, George O'Toole

Posted 04 Oct 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/198481 (published DOI: 10.1128/JB.00703-17)

The Pseudomonas fluorescens genome encodes for 50+ proteins involved in c-di-GMP signaling. Here, we demonstrate that when tested across 188 nutrients, these enzymes and effectors appear capable of impacting biofilm formation. Transcriptional analysis of network members across ~50 nutrient conditions indicates that altered gene expression can explain a subset, but not all, of biofilm-formation responses to the nutrients. Additional organization of the network is likely achieved through physical interaction, as determined via probing ~2000 interactions by bacterial two-hybrid assays. Our analysis revealed a multimodal regulatory strategy, using combinations of ligand-mediated signals, protein-protein interaction and/or transcriptional regulation to further fine-tune c-di-GMP-mediated responses. These results create a profile of a large c-di-GMP network that is used to make important cellular decisions, opening the door to future model building and the ability to engineer this complex circuitry in other bacteria.

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