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The finger 2 tip loop of Activin A is required for the formation of its non-signaling complex with ACVR1 and type II Bone Morphogenetic Protein receptors

By Senem Aykul, Richard A Corpina, Erich J Goebel, Camille J Cunanan, Alexandra Dimitriou, Hyonjong Kim, Qian Zhang, Ashique Rafique, Raymond Leidich, Xin Wang, Joyce McClain, Johanna Jimenez, Kalyan C Nannuru, Nyanza J Rothman, John B Lees-Shepard, Erik Martinez-Hackert, Andrew J Murphy, Thomas B. Thompson, Aris N Economides, Vincent Idone

Posted 12 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/733147

Activin A functions in BMP signaling in two ways: it either engages ACVR1B to activate Smad2/3 signaling or binds ACVR1 to form a non-signaling complex (NSC). Although the former property has been studied extensively, the roles of the NSC remain unexplored. The genetic disorder fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) provides a unique window into ACVR1/Activin A signaling because in that disease Activin can either signal through FOP-mutant ACVR1 or form NSCs with wild type ACVR1. To explore the role of the NSC, we generated ′agonist-only′ Activin A muteins that activate ACVR1B but cannot form the NSC with ACVR1. Using one of these muteins we demonstrate that failure to form the NSC in FOP results in more severe disease pathology. These results provide the first evidence for a biological role for the NSC in vivo and pave the way for further exploration of the NSC′s physiological role in corresponding knock-in mice. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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