Transcriptomic responses of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus to viral lysis products
Wolfgang R Hess,
Posted 17 Aug 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/394122 (published DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.14513)
Posted 17 Aug 2018
Marine phytoplankton contributes to about one half of global primary production, and a significant proportion of their photosynthetically fixed organic carbon is released after viral infection as dissolved organic matter (DOM). This DOM pool is known to be consumed by heterotrophic microorganisms; however, its impact on the uninfected co-occurring phytoplankton remains largely unknown. Here, we conducted transcriptomic analyses to study the effects of viral lysis products on the unicellular cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus, which is the most abundant photosynthetic organism on Earth. While Prochlorococcus growth was not affected by viral lysis products, many tRNAs increased in abundance, which was also seen after amino acid addition, suggesting that amino acids are one of the compounds in viral lysis products that affected the expression of tRNA genes. The decreased transcript abundances of N metabolism genes also suggested that Prochlorococcus responded to organic N compounds, consistent with abundant amino acids in viral lysis products. The addition of viral lysis products to Prochlorococcus reduced the maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II and CO2 fixation while increased its respiration rate, consistent with differentially expressed genes related to photosynthesis and respiration. One of the highest positive fold-changes was observed for the 6S RNA, a non-coding RNA functioning as a global transcriptional regulator in bacteria. The high level of 6S RNA might be responsible for some of the observed transcriptional responses. Taken together, our results revealed the transcriptional regulation of Prochlorococcus in response to viral lysis products and suggested its metabolic potential to utilize organic N compounds.
- Downloaded 552 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 64,785
- In microbiology: 4,101
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 63,972
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 28,809
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!