SirT7 auto-ADP-ribosylation regulates glucose starvation response through macroH2A1.1
Nicolás G. Simonet,
Joshua K. Thackray,
Berta N. Vazquez,
Carolina de la Torre,
Posted 05 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/719559
Posted 05 Aug 2019
Sirtuins are key players in the response to oxidative, metabolic and genotoxic stress, and are involved in genome stability, metabolic homeostasis and aging. Originally described as NAD+-dependent deacetylases, some sirtuins are also characterized by a poorly understood mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase (mADPRT) activity. Here we report that the deacetylase SirT7 is a dual sirtuin as it also features auto-mADPRT activity. Molecular and structural evidence suggests that this novel activity occurs at a second previously undefined active site that is physically separated in another domain. Specific abrogation of this activity alters SirT7 chromatin distribution, suggesting a role for this modification in SirT7 chromatin binding specificity. We uncover an epigenetic pathway by which ADP-ribosyl-SirT7 is recognized by the ADP-ribose reader macroH2A1.1, a histone variant involved in chromatin organization, metabolism and differentiation. Glucose starvation (GS) boosts this interaction and promotes SirT7 relocalization to intergenic regions in a macroH2A1-dependent manner. Both SirT7 activities are in turn required to promote GS-dependent enrichment of macroH2A1 in a subset of nearby genes, which results in their specific up- or downregulation. Consistently, the expression changes of these genes associated to calorie restriction (CR) or aging are abrogated in SirT7-/- mice, reinforcing the link between Sirtuins, CR and aging. Our work provides a novel perspective about sirtuin duality and suggests a key role for SirT7/macroH2A1.1 axis in mammalian glucose homeostasis, calorie restriction signaling and aging.
- Downloaded 437 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 38,149 out of 92,466
- In molecular biology: 1,255 out of 3,166
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 17,433 out of 92,466
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 10,891 out of 92,466
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!