Bivalent and Broad Chromatin Domains Regulate Pro-metastatic Drivers in Melanoma
Ayush T Raman,
Samir B. Amin,
Lauren E. Haydu,
Alexander J. Lazar,
Scott E. Woodman,
Posted 01 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/721480
Posted 01 Aug 2019
Chromatin deregulation is an emerging hallmark of cancer. However, the extent of epigenetic aberrations during tumorigenesis and their relationship with genetic aberrations are poorly understood. Using ChIP-sequencing for enhancers (H3K27ac and H3K4me1), promoters (H3K4me3), active transcription (H3K79me2) and polycomb (H3K27me3) or heterochromatin (H3K9me3) repression we generated chromatin state profiles in metastatic melanoma using 46 tumor samples and cell lines. We identified a strong association of NRAS, but not BRAF mutations, with bivalent states harboring H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 marks. Importantly, the loss and gain of bivalent states occurred on important pro metastasis regulators including master transcription factor drivers of mesenchymal phenotype including ZEB1, TWIST1, SNAI1 and CDH1. Unexpectedly, a subset of these and additional pro-metastatic drivers (e.g. POU3F2, SOX9 and PDGFRA) as well as melanocyte-specific master regulators (e.g. MITF, ZEB2, and TFAP2A) were regulated by exceptionally wide H3K4me3 domains that can span tens of thousands of kilobases suggesting roles of this new epigenetic element in melanoma metastasis. Overall, we find that BRAF, NRAS and WT melanomas may use bivalent states and broad H3K4me3 domains in a specific manner to regulate pro-metastatic drivers. We propose that specific epigenetic traits, such as bivalent and broad domains, get assimilated in the epigenome of pro-metastatic clones to drive evolution of cancer cells to metastasis.
- Downloaded 439 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 43,872 out of 103,764
- In cancer biology: 1,412 out of 3,707
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 21,506 out of 103,764
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 25,296 out of 103,764
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!