Rxivist logo

A dysfunctional response to inhaled pathogens and toxins drives a substantial portion of the susceptibility to acute and chronic lung disease in the elderly. We used transcriptomic profiling combined with genetic lineage tracing, heterochronic adoptive transfer, parabiosis and treatment with metformin to show that the lung microenvironment defines the phenotype of long-lived alveolar macrophages during aging. While tissue-resident alveolar macrophages persist in the lung without input from monocytes over the lifespan, severe lung injury results in their replacement with monocyte-derived alveolar macrophages. These monocyte-derived alveolar macrophages are also shaped by the microenvironment both during aging and in response to a subsequent environmental challenge to become transcriptionally and functionally similar to tissue-resident alveolar macrophages. These findings show that changes in alveolar macrophage phenotypes during injury and aging are not cell autonomous but instead are shaped by changes in the aging lung microenvironment.

Download data

  • Downloaded 1,066 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 12,105 out of 101,121
    • In immunology: 361 out of 3,151
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 7,980 out of 101,121
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 11,086 out of 101,121

Altmetric data

Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!