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Connectivity Gradient in the Human Left Inferior Frontal Gyrus: Intraoperative Cortico-Cortical Evoked Potential Study

By Takuro Nakae, Riki Matsumoto, Takeharu Kunieda, Yoshiki Arakawa, Katsuya Kobayashi, Akihiro Shimotake, Yukihiro Yamao, Takayuki Kikuchi, Toshihiko Aso, Masao Matsuhashi, Kazumichi Yoshida, Akio Ikeda, Ryosuke Takahashi, Matthew A. Lambon Ralph, Susumu Miyamoto

Posted 16 Jul 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/702753 (published DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhaa065)

In the dual-stream model of language processing, the exact connectivity of the ventral stream to the anterior temporal lobe remains elusive. To investigate the connectivity among the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and the lateral part of the temporal and parietal lobes, we integrated spatiotemporal profiles of cortico-cortical evoked potentials (CCEPs) recorded intraoperatively from 14 patients who had had resective surgeries for brain tumor or epileptic focus. The 4D visualization of the combined CCEP data showed that the pars opercularis (Broca′s area) connected to the posterior temporal cortices and the supramarginal gyrus, while the pars orbitalis connected to the anterior lateral temporal cortices and the angular gyrus. Quantitative topographical analysis of CCEP connectivity confirmed an anterior-posterior gradient of connectivity from IFG stimulus sites to the temporal response sites. Reciprocality analysis indicated that the anterior part of the IFG is bi-directionally connected to the temporal or parietal area. The present study revealed that each IFG subdivision has a different connectivity to the temporal lobe with an anterior-posterior gradient and supports the classical connectivity concept of Dejerine that the frontal lobe is connected to the temporal lobe through the arcuate fasciculus and also a double-fan-shaped structure, anchored at the limen insulae.

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