At neuronal synapses, activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR1/5) triggers a form of long-term depression (mGluR-LTD) that relies on new protein synthesis and the internalization of AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Dysregulation of these processes has been implicated in the development of mental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders and therefore merit a better understanding on a molecular level. Here, to study mGluR-LTD, we integrated quantitative high-resolution phosphoproteomics with the analyses of newly synthesized proteins via bio-orthogonal amino acids (azidohomoalanine) in a pulsed labeling strategy combined with tandem mass tag label-based quantification in cultured hippocampal neurons stimulated with DHPG. We identified several kinases with important roles in DHPG-mGluR-LTD, which we confirmed using small molecule kinase inhibitors. Furthermore, changes in the AMPA receptor endocytosis pathway in both protein synthesis and protein phosphorylation upon LTD were identified, whereby Intersectin-1 was validated as a vital player in this pathway. This study revealed several novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying mGluR-LTD and provides a broad view on its molecular basis, which serves as a rich resource for further analyses.
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