Degree and site of chromosomal instability define its oncogenic potential
René H. Medema,
Geert J.P.L. Kops,
Posted 15 May 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/638460 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-15279-9)
Posted 15 May 2019
Most human cancers are aneuploid, due to a chromosomal instability (CIN) phenotype. Despite being hallmarks of cancer, however, the roles of CIN and aneuploidy in tumor formation have not unequivocally emerged from animal studies and are thus still unclear. CIN can both promote and suppress tumorigenesis, but variances in mechanisms and timings of CIN induction in different oncogenic backgrounds and associated tissues limit interpretation of the contributions of CIN. Using a novel conditional mouse model for diverse degrees of CIN, we find that a particular range is sufficient to drive very early onset spontaneous adenoma formation in the intestine, showing that CIN can act as a much more potent oncogenic driver than was previously reported. In mice predisposed to intestinal cancer ( Apc Min /+), moderate but not low CIN causes a remarkable increase in adenoma burden in the entire intestinal tract, especially in the distal colon, more closely modelling human disease. Strikingly, high levels of CIN promote adenoma formation in the distal colon even more than moderate CIN does, but have no effect in the small intestine. Our results thus show that CIN can be potently oncogenic, but that certain levels of CIN can have contrasting effects in distinct tissues.
- Downloaded 723 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 19,104 out of 89,885
- In cancer biology: 574 out of 3,179
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 20,693 out of 89,885
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 28,723 out of 89,885
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!