Neurostructural Heterogeneity in Youth with Internalizing Symptoms
Antonia N. Kaczkurkin,
Erica B Baller,
Monica E Calkins,
Ganesh B Chand,
Raquel E. Gur,
Ruben C Gur,
Tyler M Moore,
David R Roalf,
Adon F.G. Rosen,
Russell T Shinohara,
Daniel H Wolf,
Theodore D Satterthwaite
Posted 23 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/614438 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.09.005)
Posted 23 Apr 2019
Internalizing disorders such as anxiety and depression are the most common psychiatric disorders, frequently begin in youth, and exhibit marked heterogeneity in treatment response and clinical course. It is increasingly recognized that symptom-based classification approaches to internalizing disorders do not align with underlying neurobiology. An alternative to classifying psychopathology based on clinical symptoms is to identify neurobiologically-informed subtypes based on brain imaging data. We used a recently developed semi-supervised machine learning method (HYDRA) to delineate patterns of neurobiological heterogeneity within youth with internalizing symptoms using structural imaging data collected at 3T from a large community-based sample of 1,141 youth. Using volume and cortical thickness, cross-validation methods indicated a highly stable solution (ARI=.66; permutation-based pfdr < .001) and identified two subtypes of internalizing youth. Subtype 1, defined by smaller brain volumes and reduced cortical thickness, was marked by impaired cognitive performance and higher levels of psychopathology than both Subtype 2 and typically developing youth. Using resting-state fMRI and diffusion images not considered during clustering, we found that Subtype 1 also showed reduced amplitudes of low-frequency fluctuations in fronto-limbic regions at rest, as well as reduced fractional anisotropy in white matter tracts such as the parahippocampal cingulum bundle and the uncinate fasciculus. In contrast, Subtype 2 showed intact cognitive performance, greater volume, cortical thickness, and amplitudes during rest compared to Subtype 1 and typically developing youth, despite still showing clinically significant levels of psychopathology. Identification of biologically-grounded subtypes of internalizing disorders may assist in targeting early interventions and assessing longitudinal prognosis.
- Downloaded 554 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 67,751
- In neuroscience: 9,775
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 68,307
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 119,575
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!