Rho-kinase (Rok) is a major myosin II activator during morphogenesis. In the Drosophila embryonic salivary gland placode Rok is planar polarised at the tissue boundary, through a negative regulation by the apical polarity protein Crumbs that is anisotropically localised at the boundary. However, in inner cells of the placode both Crumbs and Rok are isotropically enriched at junctions. We propose a model that reconciles both behaviours through modulation of Rok membrane residence time by Crumbs and downstream effectors. Using FRAP in embryos expressing endogenously-tagged Rok combined with in silico simulations, we find that the lower membrane dissociation rate (koff) of Rok at the tissue boundary, where Crumbs membrane levels are lower, explains this boundary-specific effect. The S/T-kinase Pak1 negatively affects Rok membrane association in vivo within the epidermis, and in vitro can phosphorylate Rok near the PH domain that mediates membrane association. Pak1 is recruited to the membrane by Cdc42 which, like its binding partner Crumbs, shows anisotropic localisation at the boundary. These data reveal an important mechanism of modulation of Rok membrane residence time via affecting the koff that may be widely employed during tissue morphogenesis.
- Downloaded 474 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 33,323 out of 89,138
- In developmental biology: 941 out of 2,658
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 44,004 out of 89,138
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 66,260 out of 89,138
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!