Different Whole-Brain Functional Connectivity Correlates of Reactive-Proactive Aggression and Callous-Unemotional Traits in Disruptive Children and Adolescents
Julia E Werhahn,
Leandra M Mulder,
Jeffrey C. Glennon,
Pieter J Hoekstra,
Renee Kleine Deters,
Pascal M Aggensteiner,
Nathalie E Holz,
Melanie C Saam,
Ulrike M E Schulze,
David J Lythgoe,
Paramala J Santosh,
Maria J Penzol,
Marcel P. Zwiers,
Jan K. Buitelaar,
Posted 04 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/599548
Posted 04 Apr 2019
Background. Disruptive behavior in children and adolescents can manifest itself in reactive (RA) and proactive (PA) aggression and is modulated by callous-unemotional (CU) traits and comorbidity. Research on aggression subtype-specific neural correlates is limited and the role of comorbid symptoms largely neglected. Methods. The current multi-center study extended previous efforts by investigating unrestricted resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) alterations. The large sample (n = 207) of children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 years (mean age = 13.30 +/- 2.60 years) included 118 cases with disruptive behavior (80 diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder and/or Conduct Disorder) and 89 controls. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety symptoms were added as covariates. We measured changes in global and local voxel-to-voxel rsFC using functional magnetic resonance imaging at 3T (mean acquisition time = 8 min 25 sec). Results. Compared to controls, cases demonstrated altered rsFC including frontal areas when anxiety but not ADHD symptoms were considered. Within cases, RA and PA scores related to changes in global and local rsFC in central gyrus and precuneus previously linked to aggression-related impairments. CU trait severity correlated with global rsFC alterations including inferior and middle temporal gyrus implicated in empathy, emotion, and reward-related activity. Importantly, most observed aggression subtype-specific patterns could only be identified when ADHD and anxiety problems were also accounted for. Conclusions. The current study clarifies that distinct though overlapping brain connectivity measures can disentangle differing manifestations of aggressive behavior. Moreover, our results highlight the importance of considering comorbid symptoms for detecting aggression-related rsFC alterations.
- Downloaded 325 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 51,746 out of 92,928
- In neuroscience: 9,061 out of 16,535
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 37,920 out of 92,928
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 80,467 out of 92,928
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!