Investigating Population-scale Allele Specific Expression in Wild Populations of Oithona similis (Cyclopoida, Claus 1866)
Posted 04 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/599076
Posted 04 Apr 2019
Allele-specific expression (ASE) is a widely studied molecular mechanism at cell, tissue and organism levels. Here, we extrapolated the concept of ASE to the population-scale (psASE), aggregating ASEs detected at smaller scales. We developed a novel approach to detect psASE based on metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data of environmental samples containing communities of organisms. This approach which measures the deviation between the frequency and the relative expression of biallelic loci, was applied on samples collected during the Tara Oceans expedition (2009-2013), in combination to new Oithona similis transcriptomes, a widespread marine copepod. Among a total of 25,768 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of O. similis , 587 (2.3%) were targeted by psASE in at least one population. The distribution of SNVs targeted by psASE in different populations is significantly shaped by population genomic differentiation (p-value = 9.3×10−9), supporting a partial genetic control of psASE. To investigate the link between evolution and psASE, loci under selection were compared to loci under psASE. A significant amount of SNVs (0.6%) were targeted by both selection and psASE (p-values < 9.89×10−3), supporting the hypothesis that natural selection and ASE may lead to the same phenotype. Population-scale ASE offers new insights into the gene regulation control in populations and its link with natural selection.
- Downloaded 469 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 40,796 out of 106,159
- In genomics: 3,783 out of 6,382
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 42,159 out of 106,159
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 44,501 out of 106,159
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!